The dissertation is a very common test format in history, geography, geopolitics, French, or even philosophy. It is a matter of carrying out an in-depth reflection on a given subject. It can be a quotation (for example, in philosophy: “Without music, life would be a mistake”), a word (still in philosophy: “The truth”), or two words linked by a logical connector (“Desire and reality ”), a question (“Is self-awareness self-knowledge?”).
In this article, the dissertation writing help service will explain the complete method to you to write a good essay. It is a global method applicable and adaptable in all subjects in high school.
How to do a dissertation topic analysis?
Reading the subject and first intuitions
One of the best pieces of advice we can give you in the methodology of the dissertation is to trust your first intuitions: write your first ideas directly on your draft as soon as you have read the subject because you risk forgetting them afterward, knowing that they can be fundamental and very relevant elements of your plan.
Write down all the ideas that come to mind, without classifying them. You’ll sort it out later. All the words, thoughts, questions, authors, and references that come to you, at first sight, must be immediately written on your draft.
Let’s imagine that you are in front of a French essay subject, for example, “The role of the poet”. Here are the first ideas that may come to mind without sorting or classifying them:
The function of the poet of Victor Hugo
Plato and the poet outside the city
Romantic poet and the “me”
If the poet has responsibilities, who gives them to him?
Delimit the subject of the dissertation?
In history-geography, it is a question of defining the temporal and spatial limits of the subject and of respecting these limits rigorously. Sometimes these limits are stated explicitly in the subject. Sometimes they are implicit, and then it’s up to you to define them.
For example, if your subject is “The Near and Middle East, a hotbed of conflict since the end of the First World War”, you must explain what the Near and Middle East means (and even why not analyze their names, noting that the names of the Near and Middle East are defined in relation to Europe) specifying the countries that are there (no need to list them, you can just name those that are at the “border” of the Near and Middle East).
Specify what you consider to be the end of the First World War: it seems obvious to evoke the armistice of November 11, 1918, but you can also approach the Sykes-Picot agreements (1916), which provides for the sharing of the East at the end of the war and which is at the root of many of the conflicts taking place in this region today.
In French or in philosophy, it is a question of defining very precisely the terms of the subject, as explained in detail in the previous part.
How to make a dissertation plan? 📝
General tips for making a good essay outline?
- The outline is the skeleton of your argument. Without a skeleton, your argument does not hold water! You should therefore not neglect the choice of your main parts and your sub-parts. The content of your development, namely the dates/figures and key examples, is not enough to make a good essay. If your argument is not structured, as rich in examples as your copy is, your copy will be very, very strongly devalued!
- It is imperative that there is a balance in your plan: forbidden for example to make 4 sub-parts in a large part, and 2 sub-parts in another. There must be the same number of sub-parts in your large parts.
- For a good essay, you can do 2 or 3 large parts, no more no less. But we will always advise you to favor a 3-part plan because a 2-part plan generally prevents you from carrying out your reflection to the end and makes it very difficult to deepen your analysis.
- Whatever the subject, it is very strongly advised to make 3 main parts and 3 sub-parts in each to make a good dissertation.
- Make transitions between your main parts show that there is logic in the sequence of your ideas and that you are not content just to put arguments in bulk. Don’t forget that your corrector doesn’t know your way of writing and discovers your analysis for the first time, you have to hold his hand throughout your essay, hence the importance of your transitions.
- Show very clearly when you come to the beginning or end of a major part, the beginning or the end of a sub-part (skip several lines between your major parts, indent at the beginning of each major part and each subsection).
Now that you know the general rules concerning essay plans, let’s move on to the presentation of the 3 possible types of plans.
Make a dialectical plan in a dissertation?
The dialectical plan consists in dividing your dissertation into three main parts: a thesis, an antithesis, and a synthesis. We will rely on the subject “Is it possible to escape time?”, which is an example of philosophy (the dialectical plane can of course be used in history-geo as well).
The thesis consists of demonstrating an assertion, often based on common sense. Here, it would be for example “No, it is impossible to escape time because it is inevitable”. And there, you break down this statement into three sub-parts that will help you defend this thesis.
Next, the antithesis. This takes the opposite view of the thesis. It is used to reverse the subject: “by considering the subject from this angle, could we not say that it would be possible to escape time?”. Ditto, you break down your reflection into three sub-parts embellished with authors and references.
Finally, the summary. This is the hardest part to find. It is often caricatured by defining it as the part “Yes and no at the same time, it depends”: avoid formulating things like that, because it tends to irritate the proofreaders!