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A Comprehensive Guide to Conveyor Systems and What All You Need to Know

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A Comprehensive Guide to Conveyor Systems and What All You Need to Know

Conveyor systems refer to mechanical devices that transport material using little effort. Notably, many conveyor systems usually consist of a frame that supports belts or wheels that transport materials from one place to another. You can either power the system using gravity or manually. There are a variety of material handling systems that are suitable for different loads which require transportation. 

Types of Conveyor Systems

Choosing a conveyor system could be tricky. Some of the best systems available on the market include:

  1.  Belts that use loops between two-end pulleys. Both ends have a roll underneath, which can receive support from a metal slider pan. The belts consist of different materials that would respond while operating. Some common examples of materials used are rubber, plastic, and metal. You require a belt with a thicker material to transport a heavier load.
  2. Roller conveyor systems require parallel rollers mounted in frames to convey a product through gravity or manually. Consider critical aspects, including roller diameter and the axle center dimensions. You can use the systems in handling applications that involve baggage handling. The rollers do not require power; gravity can move your load. 
  3. The Vertical conveyors aid in moving loads vertically on different levels. Factors that affect the movement include the lift speed and the height of your load. You can use the systems in moving loads across your facility since they are easy to operate and convenient. 

Other Conveyor Systems You may like

  • Vibrating Conveyors move materials using linear vibration and help transport dry or bulky materials. It works by causing vibration to the bed of the conveyor, which carries the whole material along its length. The conveyor does not have to be specific, and you can use a tube or trough. 
  • Walking beams rely on static supports to move items to a particular location in sequences. The object must be stationary, and the movement frequently depends on how long the conveyor is. The walking beam can have single or multiple lines based on the product you are handling. 

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Factors to Consider When Buying A Conveyor System

You need to consider different elements when selecting a suitable conveyor system, including material. 

  1. You need to know the load you are transporting – Some materials are very fragile; hence you must be careful while moving them. Size also affects what conveyor system you will use. If the load is heavy, you will require a conveyor system that does not require much effort but can carry much weight. 
  1. The conveyor system’s function – is also a significant factor a buyer needs to consider when choosing a suitable system. The systems perform different functions; for example, some may be suitable for conveying while others are suitable for feeding. The feeding systems are precise and sensitive compared to conveying systems. 
  1. The environment you are using your conveyor system also matters. You will also consider things such as temperature, vibration, and pressure. Buyers need to ensure that they are no potential risks by avoiding flammable products. 

Other Factors to consider

Before purchasing a conveyor system, you must know whether it is resistant to static electricity. As you continue pulling your Belt, if you produce electrical static, the system becomes less resistant, and it may be dangerous. Notably, you can use anti-static conveyor belt measures, including static control brushes, while lifting your load, which will help protect your products. 

Your conveyor system’s safety measures are essential because they will help prevent injuries. You can get crossovers that help people in passing over long sections of belt conveyors and will protect your load. Notably, the crossover is efficient, especially for manual conveyors or powered gate sections. 


Conveyor Applications In Different Industries

Conveyor systems perform various functions in industries. For example, belt conveyors help the essential packaging lines in mining operations. 

Overhead conveyors are present in several businesses, such as dry cleaners and slaughterhouses. You can also find them in firms that require floor spaces to suspend their loads from trollies. They are essential in helping with loads that ride along overhead tracks. Other conveyors like screw help move products through semi-enclosed tubes and help handle dry product powders. 

Conveyors play an essential role in the manufacturing industry since they will help in moving products. Walking beam conveyors are common in handling delicate products like cosmetic bottlers as they pass through labelers. They also hold each container in different segments to ensure no mix-up while handling them. 

Conveyor Designs

Conveyor systems usually have customizable designs based on modular concepts like curves and straightaways. The manufacturers of these components typically give design advice and help in the installation process. 

Some conveyor systems require different systems, while others are stand-alone systems with drives and controls to complete. You can also discretely buy manual-type roller and wheel conveyors and later place them together to create material handling systems with similar lengths. 

Conveyor systems have controls that are simple to use and help in handling various frequencies which power the whole operation. You can use the features to govern the speed of motors. 



You do not have to feel the full weight of moving your load; you can easily use any of the above conveyor systems. They are simple to use and come with a manual that will help you know how best to operate them. 

Buyers can get more than one conveyor system depending on their preference or the distance they want to move their load. You can research the different conveyor systems available in the market to know how they work and the amount of weight they can lift. It will help if you also consult experts in the industry to help you understand some of the basics you need to know for the smooth operation of your conveyor system. They will also guide you on how best to extend the life of your system.

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